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22.44.050 Computation of off-street parking spaces.
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A. Off-street parking areas shall contain at a minimum the number of parking spaces as set out in Table 22.44.050: Off-Street Parking Requirements. Off-street parking ratios expressed as a number of spaces per square feet means the usable or net square footage of floor area, exclusive of nonpublic areas. Nonpublic areas include but are not limited to building maintenance areas, storage areas, closets or restrooms. If the formula for determining the number of off-street parking spaces results in a fraction, the number of off-street parking spaces shall be rounded to the nearest whole number with fractions of 0.50 or greater rounding up and fractions below 0.50 rounding down.

B. An applicant may request a modification of the minimum required number of parking spaces by substantiating, through a parking demand assessment, that parking demand can be met with a reduced parking requirement. In such cases, the zoning administrator may approve a reduction of up to fifty percent of the minimum required number of spaces. Such additional reductions shall not apply to residential uses including subdivisions.

When the city has received a shell building permit application, off-street parking requirements shall be based on the possible tenant mix or uses authorized by the zone designation and compatible with the limitations of the shell permit. A minimum of twenty percent shall be assumed restaurant.

C. In light industrial developments, a minimum of twenty percent of gross floor area shall be assumed as office when calculating parking requirements. When the range of possible uses results in different parking requirements, the zoning administrator will establish the amount of parking based on a likely range of uses.

D. In any development required to provide twelve or more parking spaces, bicycle parking shall be provided, as specified in MMC 22.44.070.

E. The maximum number of parking spaces provided for a specified use or building shall be one and one-half times the minimum number of spaces set out in Table 22.44.050: Off-Street Parking Requirements. The zoning administrator may allow an increase in parking spaces if parking demand assessment demonstrates an additional need for parking beyond the maximum.

F. Minimum parking requirements are established in Table 22.44.050: Off-Street Parking Requirements. If a use or similar use is not identified in Table 22.44.050, the developer shall submit a parking demand assessment:

Table 22.44.050. Off-Street Parking Requirements

Conforming Land Use

Minimum Required Parking Spaces

Residential

Single-family – detached

2 per unit

Single-family – attached

2 per unit

Single-family accessory dwelling unit (ADU)

1 per unit

Multifamily

1.5 per unit

Convalescent homes, nursing and rest homes

1 for every 4 beds with a minimum of 10 stalls

Subdivision – single-family detached

1 on or off site per lot (1), (2)

Subdivision – single-family attached

1 per 7 lots (1), (2)

Group Residences

Community residential facility – CRF

1 per 2 bedrooms

Dormitory

1 per 2 bedrooms

Temporary Lodging

Hotel/motel including organizational lodging

1 per bedroom

Bed and breakfast

Single-family requirement plus 1 per guest bedroom

General Services

Auto, RV and boat sales

1 per 1,000 square feet of floor space of showroom and service facilities

General services uses, includes dry cleaning, beauty salon/barber shop, laundromats, tax return services, miscellaneous repair, massage therapy, pharmacy drive-thru, dance/recreational studio, social services and other uses not listed below

1 per 300 square feet

Funeral home/crematory

1 per 300 square feet and 1 per 50 square feet of chapel area

Commercial day care

1 per facility plus 1 per 20 children

Religious institutions, civic clubs, social clubs, fraternal orders

1 per 4 fixed seats plus 1 per 50 square feet of gross floor area without fixed seats (less the area with fixed seats)

Outpatient and veterinary clinics

1 per 300 square feet of labs and examination rooms

Nursing and personal care facilities

1 per 4 beds

Hospital

1 per employee and 1 per bed

Elementary schools

1 per classroom plus 1 per 50 students

Middle/junior high schools

1 per classroom plus 1 per 50 students

High schools

1 per classroom plus 1 per 10 students

Colleges

1 per classroom plus 1 per 5 students

Specialized instruction school

1 per classroom plus 1 per 2 students

School district support offices

1 per 300 square feet plus 1 per 1,000 square feet of storage/repair area

Government Offices

Library

1 per 300 square feet plus 1 per 900 square feet of storage area

Public agency yard

1 per 300 square feet plus 1 per 900 square feet of storage/repair area

Public agency archives

1 per 900 square feet of storage area plus 1 per 50 square feet of waiting/review areas

Court

3 per courtroom plus 1 per 50 square feet of seating area

Police facility

As determined by a parking demand assessment

Fire facility

As determined by a parking demand assessment

Government uses not specifically listed

1 per 300 square feet or as determined by a parking demand study

Retail/Office

Food stores less than 15,000 square feet

3 plus 1 per 350 square feet

Gasoline service stations w/o grocery

3 per facility plus 1 per service bay

Gasoline service stations w/grocery, no service bays

1 per facility plus 1 per 300 square feet of store

Restaurants – take out/fast food

1 per 100 square feet of dining/lounge area

Restaurants – sit down

1 per 100 square feet of dining/lounge area plus 1 per 5 fixed seats of banquet rooms

Wholesale trade uses

1 per 900 square feet

Office uses

1 per 300 square feet

Retail and wholesale trade mixed use

1 per 300 square feet

Retail uses not specifically listed

1 per 300 square feet

Industrial

Construction and trade

1 per 300 square feet of office plus 1 per 1,000 square feet of storage area

Self-service storage

1 per 3,500 square feet of storage plus 2 for any resident director’s unit

Outdoor advertising service

1 per 300 square feet of office plus 1 per 900 square feet of storage area

Miscellaneous equipment rental

1 per 300 square feet of office plus 1 per 900 square feet of indoor repair area

Automotive rental and leasing

1 per 300 square feet of office plus 1 per 900 square feet of indoor repair area

Heavy equipment repair

1 per 300 square feet of office plus 1 per 900 square feet of indoor repair area

Manufacturing/research/bottling/cannery/ printing uses

1 per 1,000 square feet plus 1 per 250 square feet of office space

Warehouses and storage buildings

1 per 2,000 square feet. Maximum office area of 2 percent of gross floor area may be included without additional parking requirements

Industrial uses not specifically listed

As determined by a parking demand assessment

Recreational/Cultural

Theater

1 per 3 fixed seats

Auditorium/theatrical production

1 per 3 fixed seats

Bowling alley

3 per lane

Golf course

3 per hole plus 1 per 300 square feet of clubhouse facility

Golf driving range

1 per tee

Sports club

1 per 300 square feet

Tennis club

4 per tennis court plus 1 per 300 square feet of clubhouse facility

Conference center

1 per 3 fixed seats plus 1 per 50 square feet of assembly area w/o fixed seats

Park/playfield

As determined by parking demand assessment

Table Notes:

1Garages shall not count toward this parking requirement.

2This requirement is in addition to those established for individual dwelling units in this table.

(Ord. 005/2019 § 10 (Exh. B))

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