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This chapter shall be for misdemeanor and gross misdemeanor crimes prosecuted by the city of Monroe.

A. No person in the city shall be placed in legal jeopardy of any kind whatsoever for protecting, by any reasonable means necessary, himself or herself, his or her family, or his or her real or personal property, or for coming to the aid of another who is in imminent danger of or the victim of assault, robbery, kidnapping, arson, burglary, rape, murder, or any other heinous crime.

B. When a substantial question of self defense in such a case shall exist which needs legal investigation or court action for the full determination of the facts, and the defendant’s actions are subsequently found justified under the intent of this section, the city of Monroe shall indemnify or reimburse such defendant for all loss of time, legal fees, or other expenses involved in his or her defense. This indemnification or reimbursement is an award of reasonable costs which include loss of time, legal fees, or other expenses and is not an independent cause of action. The determination of an award shall be by the judge or jury at the discretion of the judge in the criminal proceeding. To award these reasonable costs the trier of fact must find that the defendant’s claim of self defense was sustained by a preponderance of the evidence; provided, however, that nothing shall preclude the city council from granting a higher award through the sundry claims process.

C. Whenever the issue of self defense under this section is decided by a judge or whenever a judge exercises the discretion authorized under subsection (B) of this section in determining an award, the judge shall consider the same questions as must be answered in the special verdict under subsection (D) of this section.

D. Whenever the issue of self defense under this section has been submitted to a jury, and the jury has found the defendant not guilty, and the judge has submitted an award determination to the jury, the court shall instruct the jury to return a special verdict in substantially the following form:

Answer yes or no:

1.    Was the finding of not guilty based upon self defense?

2.    If your answer to question 1 is no, do not answer the remaining questions.

3.    If your answer to question 1 is yes, was the defendant:

a.    Protecting himself or herself?

b.    Protecting his or her family?

c.    Protecting his or her property?

d.    Coming to the aid of another who was in imminent danger of a heinous crime?

e.    Coming to the aid of another who was the victim of a heinous crime?

(Ord. 1051, 1995)