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Fabrication shops

The production, processing, assembling, packaging or treatment of semi-finished or finished products from raw materials or previously prepared materials or components.


The exterior wall face of a building, extending from the ground to the top of the parapet or eaves, but not including any portion of the roof. Each side of a building (i.e., each architectural elevation) is considered one facade. For buildings with more than one occupant/tenant, the facade for each occupant shall be that portion of the exterior wall face between the points where the interior wall between tenants intersects with the exterior wall, thus delineating the individual occupant/tenant space.

Facade buffer

A space around a storefront intended to create a softening effect by reducing the amount of visual, straight-line architecture.

Factory-built housing or factory-built commercial structure

Any structure designed primarily for human occupancy, other than a mobile (manufactured) home, the structure or room of which is either entirely or substantially prefabricated or assembled at a place other than a building site. No factory-built housing or factory-built commercial structure shall be installed on a building site unless it bears the insignia of approval of the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries and is inspected by the city, pursuant to its authority and the development requirements set forth in this title.

Farmers’ market

Community-oriented open-air market.


The raising and harvesting of crops; feeding, breeding and management of livestock; dairying or any other agricultural or horticultural use or any combination thereof and includes the disposal by marketing or otherwise of products produced on the premises. It includes the construction and use of dwellings and other buildings customarily provided in conjunction with farming, but does not include a commercial feed lot.

Fast food restaurant

An establishment whose principal business is the sale of foods, frozen desserts, or beverages served in or on disposable containers for consumption while seated within the building or in a vehicle or incidentally within a designated outdoor area, or for take-out consumption off the premises.


That which is built, constructed, or composed of parts joined together of material in some definite manner in which the prime purpose is to separate and divide, partition, enclose or screen a parcel or parcels of land.

Final decision

The final action by the director of community development, planning commission, hearing examiner, or city council.

Financial and insurance services

Businesses dealing with financial transactions, including banks, savings and loan institutions, mutual savings banks or their branches, and mortgage or finance companies or their branches. Includes land uses specified in NAICS Industry Sector No. 52.

Fire lane

An aisle, lane, or roadway on an improved site which is designated, constructed, and required for emergency access of fire and aid-unit vehicles.

Fire station

A building used for fire equipment and firefighters.

Flood insurance rate map (FIRM)

The official map on which the Federal Insurance Administration has delineated many areas of flood hazard, floodways, and the risk premium zones.


The total area subject to inundation by the base flood including the flood fringe and floodway.


The channel of a river or other watercourse and the adjacent land area that must be reserved in order to discharge the base flood without cumulatively increasing the surface water elevation more than one foot.

Floodway-dependent structure

Structures that are floodway-dependent including, but not limited to, dams, levees and pump stations, stream bank stabilization, boat launches and related recreational structures, bridge piers and abutments, and fisheries enhancement or stream restoration projects.

Floor area

The sum of the gross horizontal areas of the floors of a building or buildings, measured from the exterior walls and from the centerline of divisions, shafts and stairwells at each floor, mechanical equipment rooms or attic spaces with headroom of seven feet, six inches or more, penthouse floors, interior balconies and mezzanines, enclosed porches, and malls. “Floor area” shall not include accessory water tanks and cooling towers, mechanical equipment or attic spaces with headroom of less than seven feet, six inches, exterior steps or stairs, terraces, breezeways and open spaces.

Floor area ratio (FAR)

The ratio of the floor area of a building to the area of the lot on which the building is located. The diagram below illustrates three simple ways that a 1:1 FAR might be reached: one story covering the entire lot, two stories covering half of the lot, or four stories covering a quarter of the lot all result in the same FAR.

Floor finish

The exposed floor surface, including coverings applied over a finished floor, and includes, but is not limited to, wood, vinyl flooring, wall-to-wall carpet, and concrete.

Food establishments

A retail establishment selling food and/or drink for consumption on the premises or for take-out, including accessory on-site food preparation.

Forest practices

Activities conducted on or directly pertaining to forestlands, regulated in Chapter 222-16 WAC or Chapter 76.09 RCW, relating to growing, harvesting, or processing timber. This includes but is not limited to: road and trail construction; harvesting, final and intermediate; precommercial thinning; reforestation; fertilization; prevention and suppression of diseases and insects; salvage of trees; and brush control.

Forest practices, conversion

A forest practice involving the removal of trees to convert forestland to permanent nonforestry urban uses that results in residential, commercial, or industrial activities.


An assemblage of earth materials grouped together into a unit that is convenient for description or mapping.

Formation, confining

The relatively impermeable formation immediately overlaying a confined aquifer.


The general authority granted by the city council to a telecommunications service provider or to a cable television service provider to use city rights-of-way to provide services to locations within the city. A franchise issued by the city is a master permit within the meaning of RCW 35.99.010(3).

Frequently flooded areas

Lands in the floodplain subject to a one percent or greater chance of flooding in any given year and those lands that provide important flood storage, conveyance, and attenuation functions, as determined by the director, in accordance with WAC 365-190-080(3).

Front lot line

That boundary of a lot which abuts a street or private road.


The linear distance of property along a street or highway.

Frontage, building

That part of a building or structure considered to be the side of the building with a principal access to a business or businesses.

Frontage, primary

The portion of any frontage containing the primary public entrance(s) to the building or building units.

Frontage, secondary

Those frontages containing secondary public entrances to the building or building units, and all building walls facing a public street or primary parking area that are not designated as the primary building frontage by the definition of “frontage, primary.”

Frontage, street

Streets, alleys, or public rights-of-way parallel to the property line used to compute the area of the sign(s) intended to be located in such a manner to have primary exposure on that street or right-of-way.

(Ord. 033/2022 § 1 (Exh. A); Ord. 013/2019 § 2)