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To cease operation for a period of sixty or more consecutive days.

Access road

A driveway that may provide access to more than one parking lot or area, may provide access to more than one property or lot, and may provide internal access from one street to another.

Accessory structure

A detached, subordinate structure, the use of which is clearly incidental and related to that of the principal structure or use of the land, and which is located on the same lot or adjacent lot as that of the principal structure consistent with this title.

Accessory use

A use incidental and subordinate to the principal use and located on the same lot or in the same building as the principal use. Specific accessory uses for each zoning district are addressed in Chapters 22.16 through 22.36 MMC.

Active recreation

A type of recreation or activity that requires the use of organized play areas including, but not limited to, softball, baseball, football and soccer fields, tennis and basketball courts and various forms of children’s play equipment.


Immediately adjoining (in contact with the boundary of the influence area) or within a distance less than that needed to separate activities from critical areas to ensure protection of the functions and values of the critical areas. “Adjacent” shall mean any activity or development located:

A. On a site immediately adjoining a critical area; or

B. A distance equal to or less than the required critical area buffer width and building setback.


The administrator, also referred as the zoning administrator and zoning code administrator, shall be the director of community development or their designated representative.

Adult entertainment

Adult entertainment means:

A. Any exhibition, performance or dance conducted in a sexually oriented business where such exhibition, performance or dance is distinguished or characterized by a predominant emphasis on depicting, describing, or simulating any specified sexual activities or any specified sexual anatomical areas; or

B. Any exhibition, performance or dance intended to sexually stimulate any patron and conducted in a sexually oriented business where such exhibition, performance or dance is performed for, arranged with, or engaged in with fewer than all patrons in the sexually oriented business at that time, with separate consideration paid, either directly or indirectly, for such performance, exhibition or dance. For purposes of example and not limitation, such exhibitions, performances or dances are commonly referred to as table dancing, couch dancing, taxi dancing, lap dancing, private dancing or straddle dancing.

Adult entertainment establishment

Any business to which the public, patrons, or members are invited or admitted where an entertainer provides adult entertainment to a member of the public, a patron, or a member.

Adult family home

A dwelling, licensed by the state of Washington Department of Social and Health Services, in which a person or persons provide personal care, special care, room and board to more than one but not more than six adults who are not related by blood or marriage to the person or persons providing the services. An existing adult family home may provide services to up to eight adults upon approval from the Department of Social and Health Services in accordance with RCW 70.128.066.

Advertising vehicle

Any vehicle or trailer on a public right-of-way or public property or on private property so as to be visible from a public right-of-way which has attached thereto, or located thereon, any sign or advertising device for the basic purpose of providing advertisement of products or directing people to a business activity located on the same property or nearby property or any other premises. The vehicle must be used primarily for the purpose of advertising, as opposed to serving some other function such as delivery of goods or services or transport.

Affected tribe or treaty tribe

Any Indian tribe, band, nation or community in the state of Washington that is federally recognized by the United States Secretary of the Interior and that will or may be affected by the proposal.

Affected urban growth area


A. An urban growth area, designated pursuant to RCW 36.70A.110, whose boundaries contain a state highway segment exceeding the one hundred persons per hours of delay threshold calculated by the Washington State Department of Transportation, and any contiguous urban growth areas; and

B. An urban growth area, designated pursuant to RCW 36.70A.110, containing a jurisdiction with a population over seventy thousand that adopted a commute trip reduction ordinance before the year 2000, and any contiguous urban growth areas; or

C. An urban growth area identified by the Washington Department of Transportation as listed in WAC 468-63-020(2)(b).


A person that (directly or indirectly) owns or controls, is owned or controlled by, or is under common ownership or control with another person.

Affordable housing

Means, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, residential housing whose monthly costs, including utilities other than telephone, do not exceed thirty percent of the monthly income of a household whose income is:

A. For rental housing, sixty percent of the median household income adjusted for household size, for the county where the household is located, as reported by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development; or

B. For owner-occupied housing, eighty percent of the median household income adjusted for household size, for the county where the household is located, as reported by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Agricultural use

Those activities conducted on lands defined in RCW 84.34.020(2), and activities involved in the production of crops or livestock for wholesale trade. An activity ceases to be considered agriculture when the area on which it is conducted is proposed for conversion to a nonagricultural use or has lain idle for more than five years, unless the idle land is registered in a federal or state soils conservation program, or unless the activity is maintenance of irrigation ditches, laterals, canals, or drainage ditches related to an existing and ongoing agricultural activity.


Any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and take-off of aircraft, including all necessary facilities for the housing and maintenance of aircraft.

Airport runway

A rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft.

Airport, visual runway

A runway intended solely for the operation of aircraft using visual approach procedures, with no straight-in instrument approach procedure and no instrument designation indicated on an FAA-approved approach airport layout plan.

Airspace obstruction

Any structure, tree, land mass, smoke or steam, or use of land that penetrates the primary, approach, transitional, horizontal, or conical surface of the airport as defined by Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR), Part 77.

Air-supported structure

An air-supported or inflated object with or without cable supports and braces intended to attract attention to the location, event or promotion.


A public thoroughfare which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property, and is not intended for general traffic circulation.


Any human-induced change in an existing condition of a critical area or its buffer. Alterations include, but are not limited to, grading, filling, dredging, channelizing, clearing (vegetation), applying pesticides, discharging waste, construction, compaction, excavation, modifying for stormwater management, relocating, or other activities that change the existing landform, vegetation, hydrology, wildlife or wildlife habitat value of critical areas.


A change to the city’s comprehensive plan or to the Monroe Municipal Code.

A. “Comprehensive plan amendment” means an amendment or change to the text or maps of the comprehensive plan.

B. “Municipal code amendment” means an amendment or change to the text or maps of MMC Title 22. There are two types of zoning amendments: those which change the text of this title, and those which change the use classifications and/or boundaries upon the official zoning map (a rezone). Of these, small area rezones are treated with a more intensified substantive review.

Amusement arcade (arcades and gaming establishments)

A building or portion thereof in which there are amusement devices installed for purposes of play, use or operation. “Amusement device” means any machine or device requiring the deposit or payment of money or other thing of value for its play, use or operation and which is played or used for amusement and entertainment of the player. The term includes, but is not limited to, flipper games, foosball games, pinball machines, electro-dart games, video games, coin-operated shuffleboards, coin-operated bowling games, klondike tables, and billiard tables and pool tables.

Anadromous fish

Fish that spawn in fresh water and mature in the marine environment.

Animal shelter

A facility used to house or contain stray, homeless, abandoned, or unwanted animals and that is owned, operated, or maintained by a public body, an established humane society, animal welfare society, society for the prevention of cruelty to animals, or other nonprofit organization devoted to the welfare, protection, and humane treatment of animals.


A room, or suite of two or more rooms, in a multifamily dwelling, occupied or suitable for occupancy as a dwelling unit for one family.

Apartment house

Any building or portion thereof which is designed, built, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied, or which is occupied as the home or residence of five or more families living independently of each other and doing their own cooking in the said building.


A person or entity who files an application for a permit with the city and who is either the owner of the land on which that proposed activity would be located, a contract purchaser, or the authorized agent of such a person.

Approval, final plat

Official action taken by the city with respect to a final plat.

Approval, preliminary plat

Official action taken by the hearing authority with respect to a proposed plat.


The portion of the driveway approach that extends from the gutter flow line to the sidewalk area and underlying between the end slopes of the driveway approach.


A botanical garden devoted to trees.

Architecturally consistent

Conforming in overall design, form or structure by incorporating two or more of the following common elements: design, color, and/or material.

Art gallery

An establishment engaged in the sale, loan, or display of art books, paintings, sculpture, or other works of art. This classification does not include libraries, museums, or noncommercial art galleries.

Art studio

A shop for the production and/or display of art and/or related items such as photos, pottery, stained glass, and video production as well as associated retail. Does not include any adult entertainment facility.

Asphalt batch plant

An establishment engaged in the manufacture of asphalt mixtures used for road paving operations from raw materials purchased from other sources.

Assisted living facility

A home or other institution, licensed by the state of Washington and meeting the applicable standards of Chapter 18.20 RCW and Chapter 388-78A WAC, providing housing, basic services and assuming general responsibility for the safety and well-being of residents, including without limitation residents with symptoms consistent with dementia.

Athletic field

An outdoor open area dedicated to recreational sports; these fields may be under the ownership of public or private entities.

Authority, hearing

The hearing examiner for the city of Monroe.

Auto repair

Any area of land, including the structures thereon, that is used for general motor repair and replacement of parts to vehicles and machinery, including body and fender works and painting.

Auto wrecking yards

A premises devoted to dismantling or wrecking of motor vehicles or trailers, or the storage, sale, or dumping of dismantled or wrecked vehicles or their parts.

Average grade level

A reference plane representing the finished ground level measured by delineating the smallest rectangle which can enclose the proposed building, and then averaging the four corner elevations of the rectangle. In the event the corner point of the rectangle drawn is not located on the subject property, the measurement point shall be determined by establishing the corner point from the property line where it intersects the rectangle.

Avigation easement

An easement granted for the free and unobstructed use and passage of aircraft over, across, and through the airspace above or in the vicinity of property.


A roof-like cover which projects from the wall of a building for the purpose of shielding the door, window or pedestrians from the elements.

(Ord. 033/2022 § 1 (Exh. A); Ord. 024/2022 § 3; Ord. 013/2019 § 2)